…were made against states from these regions.   Security for costs requests fail in the vast majority of cases Investor-state arbitration is notorious for its costs. The costs often reach…

…  Costs in International Arbitration Costs in arbitration usually fall into two broad categories: (i) costs of the arbitration (i.e. the costs of the tribunal and institution (if any)), and…

costs is usually predictable. We will leave for another day the question whether international arbitration rules should provide more guidance with respect to costs. The purpose of this posting is…