The new EU data protection framework, in particular the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) applicable as of May 2018, dramatically shifted the focus of all organizations towards ensuring transparency and accountability in their data processing operations. The broad material scope of GDPR practically affects any private organization and practitioner within the EU. Moreover, in certain…

The FIDIC forms of contracts (FIDIC forms) constitute a comprehensive set of rules applied worldwide in complicated construction projects. The FIDIC forms contain a multi-tier dispute resolution mechanism – depending on the type of a Book, they provide for consideration of disputes (1) by an Engineer (an Employer’s agent managing the construction project), (2) by…

Co-authored with Tsvetelina Georgieva, Dimitrov, Petrov & Co.  The identification of the seat of arbitration is undisputedly one of the most important features of an arbitration clause, as it determines lex arbitri and, consequently, which courts will have supervisory jurisdiction over the arbitration. According to Bulgarian law, the choice of seat of arbitration may also predetermine the…

One of the main and well known advantages of arbitration is the speed of the proceedings. In order to enhance their timeliness and efficiency, the Rules of some arbitral institutions (e.g. Art. 33 of the ICC Rules) provide for the so called “scrutiny of the award” – a procedure of formal examination of the draft…