It would be difficult not to have encountered at least one arbitration event in the past year where data protection or cybersecurity was discussed. As these discussions become more frequent, one may wonder: what are the practical implications of data privacy and cybersecurity on the actual conduct of international arbitrations? This was what the Singapore…

In recent years there has been a dramatic increase in cyber-attacks on corporates, governments and international organisations. Arbitration proceedings are not immune from the threat of attack as previous incidents demonstrate. The publication last year of a draft Cybersecurity Protocol for International Arbitration by the International Council for Commercial Arbitration, the International Institute for Conflict…

Parties to arbitration, just like “millennials”, are dependent on digital data and network systems. Currently, most of the data created is used and stored in digital formats using internet and computer technology. This should not be surprising; the online world enables people to interact and behave in new and efficient ways. However, the resulting dependence…