…In its widely discussed landmark Achmea judgment, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) found that the ISDS clause contained in the Dutch-Slovakian bilateral investment treaty (BIT) was…

…be seen. The German courts’ U-turn since Achmea is particularly remarkable. The HRC Frankfurt’s finding in Raiffeisen endorsing the CJEU’s Achmea judgment essentially reverses its original view in the (likewise…

…such treaties fall within Achmea. It is worth noting that, following Achmea and the declarations of certain EU Member States, a Swedish court in Micula considering enforcement efforts did not…

…to the applicability of Achmea to the ECT; Hungary submitted that Achmea does not concern the ECT, while Sweden, Finland, Luxembourg, Malta, and Slovenia declared that Achmea is silent on…

…the contentious Achmea v Slovak Republic (C-284/16) ruling (“Achmea ruling”), where the European Court of Justice determined that investor-State arbitration clauses in intra-EU BITs violate fundamental principles of autonomy and…

…3 April 2018; Three Crowns partners resign from panels considering Achmea, 9 August 2018; Another resignation from panel weighing Achmea, GAR, 5 September 2018. ↑5 UNCTAD, Recent developments in International…

…the jurisdiction of the arbitral tribunal, which, however, were all rejected. It was the 2018 Achmea judgment by the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU), which provided the justification…