…the environment in their territories. Similarly, Article 24.4.3 of the USMCA provides that parties recognize that it is inappropriate to encourage trade or investment by relaxing environmental law protection. This…

…investment treaty arbitration against Colombia. More recently, Canadian and US investors filed claims against Mexico under the NAFTA and the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA) following Mexico City’s cancellation of a…

…signatory, including – at least – thirty-six bilateral investment treaties (BITs), the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), and the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).   Ecuador: New Government…

…legitimate exercise of this power and violation of the rights of investors. Gaela Gehring Flores, of Arnold & Porter, provided a complete overview of the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA) and…

…Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (“CPTPP,” which entered into force for most of its parties on December 30, 2018), Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (“CUSMA,” also known as USMCA or T-MEC, which entered…

…and through their manifestation at the regional and bilateral level, as was evident from our coverage of the new dispute settlement paradigms established by the USMCA and ECT modernization process….

…from investment treaty-making confirm this, including the USMCA, CPTPP, the EU’s investment agreements with Canada, Singapore and Viet Nam, ACIA, and the China-Hong Kong CEPA (which altogether eschews investor-state arbitration…

…of Central America-Korea FTA (2018), Article 9.18 of CPTPP, Article 3.4 of EU-Singapore IPA (2018), Article 10 of Kazakhstan-UAE BIT (2018), Article 14.D.2 of USMCA (2018). While the use of…

…investors under international investment agreements. For example, the United States Mexico Canada Agreement (the “USMCA”), which replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (“NAFTA”) on July 1, 2020, removed investor-State…

…advisory depending on the specific treaty. For example, the new United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (“USMCA”), the Free Trade Commission could submit its interpretation on the treaty provision, which will be binding…