…of their judgements abroad. The project has produced two conventions: The 2005 Choice of Courts Convention and the 2019 Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgements in Civil…

…formally applicable as an international treaty to the ICSID Convention. First, not all Contracting States of the ICSID Convention are parties to the Vienna Convention. Secondly, the ICSID Convention was…

…the relevant dispute are party also to the Convention; in other cases the position is less clear (see Articles 30(3) and 30(4) of the Vienna Convention). Second, the Convention does…

The obligation of contracting states to recognize arbitration agreements and refer the parties to arbitration is provided in Article II of the New York Convention 1958 (the ‘Convention’). This post…

…established by the Singapore Convention, highlighting the fact that the Convention introduces to mediation a characteristic that has long contributed to arbitration’s popularity: enforceability. The Singapore Convention –“in substance the…

…had failed to pay these amounts. HKL began court proceedings in Singapore to recover these amounts. Under Section 6(2) of the Singapore International Arbitration Act (the “IAA”), the court can…

…in Singapore and Hong Kong. Indeed, until recently, Singapore went so far as to prohibit TPF for international arbitration proceedings, and Hong Kong did not expressly permit it. In both…

…the meaning of the Convention between Outokumpu and GE. The Court reasoned that “[p]rivate parties…cannot contract around the Convention’s requirement that the parties actually sign an agreement to arbitrate their…

…rely on Article 72 of the ICSID Convention to decline jurisdiction over a claim filed after Venezuela had noticed it would denounce the ICSID Convention but before the 6-month period…

…a PCA tribunal seated in Singapore released its final award on costs. It is this final PCA award that the plaintiffs are seeking to enforce against Lesotho in Singapore. The…