…Cate, “The Costs of Consistency: Precedent in Investment Treaty Arbitration” on decisional burdens). The duty is not one of result (adopting the solution) in a consistent line of cases. The…

…purchase price, including interest, and the costs of the arbitration. The Buyer asserted three grounds to oppose the enforcement of the award, namely, that (i) it did not receive “notice…

…are slowly dissolving, with the new provisions amounting to yet another stepping stone, particularly in terms of combating concerns over time and costs. Emergency Arbitrator The emergency arbitrator is provided…

…shall not necessarily provide grounds for challenge (12.3). A specific definition and chapter on costs is included, inspired by the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules, which shall be applicable in the absence…

…to what their overall needs are. Many organizations try to involve the investors by setting up users’ councils and task forces. From a user’s perspective, costs, the lack of efficiency,…

…of third-party funding of investor-state arbitration pushing up the costs and the increasing tendency of amicus briefs leading investor-state arbitration to be more confrontational and non-confidential. The adverse impact of…

…arbitrator selection, as well as reduced costs. Organizations that provide collective representation for parties, such as the OECD or the Corporate Counsel International Arbitration Group, should realize that their constituencies…