…alternative treaties, ideally involving non-EU member states, given the growing limitations on intra-EU BITs due to the CJEU’s Achmea judgment (covered, here), which has significantly impacted the enforceability of intra-EU

…many treaties do not expressly define “property.” Switzerland’s bilateral investment treaties (“BITs”) are apt to consider for this issue given the Swiss ETS and the EU ETS are linked. “Movable…

…finally to the U.S. approach on the enforcement of annulled awards.   Enforcement of Intra-EU Awards Sebastiano Nessi opened the floor by addressing the enforcement of intra-EU awards in and…

…of inter-se agreement between the EU member states might be needed in order to clearly exclude any intra-EU ECT disputes for the future. However, there is ambiguity regarding whether Member…

…countries to terminate its intra-EU BITs, despite its recent victory in defending the ICSID case brought by Gabriel Resources. This contrasts with Hungary’s approach, which continues to enter into new…

…Suitable Alternatives for Intra-EU Investors to Enjoy Investment Protection? Ms Fatás Pérez assured the audience that EU courts were a good forum to protect intra-EU investors. She stressed that countries…