…brief note discusses preliminary impressions from the released text of the USMCA and addresses only the investor-state arbitration provisions in USMCA, Chapter 14, that purport to replace Chapter 11 of…

As North America embarks into a post-NAFTA era with the USMCA, it is crucial to analyze the new agreement’s disciplines. The USMCA Investment Chapter, for instance, has been the subject…

The Investment Chapter of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement “USMCA,” Chapter 14 has had a controversial trajectory. Chapter 14 reflects a remarkable evolution in United States (“U.S.”) policy on the protection…

…countries, there is one standout development in the USMCA for Canada: its non-participation in the investor-State dispute settlement mechanism (“ISDS”). To be clear, Chapter 14 of the USMCA continues to…